Different Types of Dental Misalignment

Your teeth are designed to line up properly, giving you an ideal bite, which means that your upper front teeth are slightly forward of your bottom teeth and the peaks and valleys of your upper molars line up with their counterparts below. This ideal bite, however, isn’t one that we see often. In fact, by some estimates, nearly 75% of the world’s population has some degree of bite misalignment, also called malocclusion.

The experienced dental team here at Fresh Dental Care understands the issues that can crop up when there’s malocclusion, and we assure you that it can go far deeper than a cosmetic concern.

In the following, we explore why dental misalignment can be problematic, and we outline the most common types of bite problems.

Misalignment — more than a cosmetic concern

While it’s no secret that great smiles have teeth that line up perfectly, dental misalignments can pose far more than a cosmetic problem.

As examples of this, a misalignment in your bite can lead to:

In severe cases of misalignment, children and adults can have difficulties with chewing, talking, and breathing.

Most common misalignments

While no two people have the same teeth, there are some bite problems that are more common than others, including:


Also called protrusion, an overbite can occur if your upper jaw juts out too far, your lower jaw is set too far back, or your front teeth come out an angle (buck teeth).


If your top teeth fit behind your lower teeth, this is known as a crossbite. In children, a crossbite can lead to crooked jaw development.


The lower jaw protrudes out in front of the upper jaw.

Open bite

An open bite occurs when your front teeth meet, but not your back teeth, or vice versa — your back teeth come together, but there’s a space between your upper and lower front teeth.


As the name implies, this misalignment occurs when your teeth are too crowded, forcing some to come in at odd angles.


This type of misalignment is characterized by teeth that are spread too far apart.

Deep bite

If your upper front teeth cover your lower teeth, this is what we call a deep bite.

Treating your misalignment

No matter what type of alignment problem you or your child has, the good news is that we can fix the problem with our comprehensive orthodontics. To get the job done, we offer traditional braces, retainers, and Invisalign® clear aligners.

If you want to learn more about correcting your child’s bite or your own, contact one of our three offices in Houston, Texas, to set up an appointment.

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